Within this writing I reflect to provide a summary of “Chapter 13 New York, ca. 1920s-’60s” from the book entitled “EL NORTE” I found this chapter refreshing to learn of the evolutions and blending of cultural infusions with arts, poetry and dance. Puerto Rican, Cuban and Spanish migration to New York led to the creation of the idea of Hispanidad, that aimed to create a shared Latin American cultural heritage.


Within this writing I summarize Chapter 12 from the book entitled “EL NORTE.” To ease the process I felt that this chapter could be dived into two parts, the first pertains to the Mexican Revolution and the second with for the reimagining and revival of the Spanish Missions in California. However the parts are intrinsically linked with the involvement of the United States (U.S.).